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attività montessori

When you have a child, the idea of being able to play again could be exciting … For some people toy car racetracks come to mind, for others Barbie and for others still Lego. Some people think “I can finally buy the Betty Crocker Easy Bake Oven  and understand how it works!” However, when the time comes, we realise that this is also an educational choice. Since we love to play, we can also play with our furniture. We talked to Natalia De Armas, an educator specialised in psychomotor skills.

Natalia, Maria Montessori said that ‘playing is a child’s job’: what does this mean for you?

Playing is the basis of knowledge, because it is the main tool with which children express themselves. From it they begin to understand themselves, others and the world around them. Playing teaches them to learn, to orient themselves in space and time, to manipulate and build, to establish relationships and communicate. But that’s not all. Playing allows them to comprehend and to understand their body in relation to others and the space. It is therefore a privileged and indispensable element for the integral development of the child because it covers all the basic skills: motor, cognitive, emotional and social.

Spending some time during the day playing with an adult, be it parent or another figure like a teacher, a grandparent or another relative, is very important. We know that the fast pace of society has forced us to reduce the time dedicated to shared play, free from distractions like mobile phones, televisions or work, but the adult remains a crucial element. Adults, in fact, have the task of ensuring that the space and the materials used for play are safe, but also that they are educational. On the other hand, children must also learn to play alone, to develop tools and systems to not get bored, without the constant presence of someone to help them.

A feature of our design is the attention to stimuli. But to do so we chose simple materials and forms, not just because they are more sustainable, but also because it seemed to be the most appropriate choice for this purpose. It almost seems to be a contradiction. Perhaps more technological materials could create more stimuli?

The world is in continuous technological evolution, but technology is not strictly necessary for the children, until at least 6 years of age.

Non-figurative games, that give them the space necessary to let their predispositions shine through and to awaken their imagination and creativity, are more appropriate tools. So, simplicity is more than welcome! Besides, we may also remember that when we were children a box could become a car, a plane, a hiding place. A chair or table could become a cave, a house or a train. A book without text, containing only images, could tell a different story for every person that read it.

Very often we believe they need more games, but children can play for hours on end with everyday things. Some seeds, a bit of earth, a pot, a table, a cloth, a rope or the child’s bed itself, are all that’s needed to unleash their creativity and imagination, encouraging their development as a whole.

The use of games and devices where the children are simply spectators if anything produce the opposite effect, as do games that seek to stimulate children to early on. Vibrating bouncers, games with shrill sounds and coloured lights are objects that make the child passive and create addiction. This will make them become  bored more quickly without a sound or visual stimulus within reach, and we will have more overweight children with behavioural difficulties, attention deficit disorders and other problems.

Sometimes the constant movement of the child makes parents panic, and they resort to tricks to keep them quiet. That is not always really necessary. Sometimes following their imaginary journeys and becoming swept up in them can also be exciting for adults.

 

* Natalia has developed her profession in the socio-educational field with children from 0 to 3 years and their families, offering workshops on bonding, play and psychomotor development in contexts of social vulnerability.

He has also worked in the clinical area with children from 2 to 16 years of age with academic, motor, relational and behavioral difficulties and various pathologies such as Down syndrome, corpus callosum agenesis, autism spectrum disorder, etc.

reading with kids

Reading with kids.

Hug them and rediscover that moment of intimacy, when they let themselves be lulled by your voice and together with you go to the discovery of a new dimension, which helps calm and concentration.
This precious moments can also become a strategy during the “family crisis”, when the decibels exceed the threshold of tolerance and you appear to have lost control of the situation.

Every child knows his favorite book by heart: re-reading the same story calm him and improves his comprehension of concepts.

When children can recognize quickly their own favourite book from the cover, it increases their autonomy.

For this reason Leggola, the book rack, is one of the first Nini’s product.

Taking advantage of its shape we decided to make it a real three-dimensional product, using also the back.

Books in the front develop imagination, while in the back can continue the symbolic game: a dollhouse to play and to create new stories!

memory montessori

Rhymes and chants help memory and concentration, and help to learn new words, even in foreign languages.

Here are our community’s nursery rhymes!

 

Row, row, row your boat
Gently down the stream,
Merrily merrily, merrily, merrily
Life is but a dream

Row, row, row your boat
Gently down the brook,
If you catch a little fish
Please let it off the hook

——————-

Round and round the garden
Chasing teddy bears.
One step, two step,
Three step, tickley everwhere!
Round and round the mulberry bush,
Like a little hare,
One Step, two step,
Tickly under there!

——————-

Mary, Mary, quite contrary,
How does your garden grow?
With silver bells, and cockle shells,
And pretty maids all in a row.

—————-

Twinkle, twinkle, little star,
How I wonder what you are!
Up above the world so high,
Like a diamond in the sky.

When this blazing sun is gone,
When he nothing shines upon,
Then you show your little light,
Twinkle, twinkle, through the night.

Then the traveller in the dark
Thanks you for your tiny spark;
He could not see where to go,
If you did not twinkle so.

In the dark blue sky you keep,
And often through my curtains peep,
For you never shut your eye
Till the sun is in the sky.

As your bright and tiny spark
Lights the traveller in the dark,
Though I know not what you are,
Twinkle, twinkle, little star.

———–

Ainsi font, font, font,
Les petites marionnettes,
Ainsi font, font, font,
Trois p’tits tours et puis s’en vont.

Les mains aux côtés,
Sautez, sautez, marionnettes,
Les mains aux côtés,
Marionnettes, recommencez.

Mais elles reviendront,
Les petites marionnettes,
Mais elles reviendront,
Quand les enfants dormiront.

——————-

Tombolo Dondolo sul muro sedeva,
Tombolo Dondolo dal muro cadeva;
e non bastarono a metterlo in pié
tutti gli uomini e i cavalli del Rè.

——————–

Dondola dondola il cavallino
porta in sella l’allegro bambino
insieme cavalcano verso il tramonto
e si preparan per il giro del mondo,
insieme cavalcano incontro alla sera
attraversano i monti e la selva più nera.
In mezzo al deserto o nel mare aperto fra cow – boys ed indiani
nei villaggi africani
o fra le rovine degli antichi egiziani,
in mezzo alle umide risaie cinesi
visitano insieme civiltà e paesi.
Sfidano mostri, stregoni e draghi
grazie a pozioni di potenti maghi
ed ogni avventura è una grande occasione
per far correre libera l’immaginazione.

—————————-

il cavallo del vecchietto va zoppetto, va zoppetto
il cavallo del giovanotto va a trotto, va a trotto
il cavallo del mio compare come il vento sa … volare!!

———————-

C’era una volta il tonnetto Totonno
che ogni mattina cascava dal sonno,
mentre la sera per farlo dormire
la mamma tonna doveva impazzire.
Il babbo tonno con voce profonda
cantava ninna sul ritmo dell’onda,
ma un occhio solo chiudeva Totonno
mentre suo padre moriva di sonno.

————————-

Su su su cavalo
La mama è andata al balo
Con le tetine piene
Per darle a le putele
Le putele no le vol
Pichete pachete sul culon!

———————

Trotta trotta cavallino
per la strada del mulino
il mulino non c’è più
trotta trotta cadi giù!